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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

Contesting and Contextualising CITES: Wildlife Trafficking in Colombia and Brazil


This article raises the question of whether recently implemented legislation in Colombia and Brazil (1) provides the necessary tools to prevent the harms of wildlife trafficking (WLT) and (2) influences humans’ practices concerning the use of nonhuman animals. These questions are investigated from the dual perspectives of green criminology and public policy. The analysis is based on a qualitative empirical study undertaken in Colombia and Brazil whereby we discuss the function of the legislation in Colombia and Brazil in preventing illegal WLT. We consider the legitimacy of different practices of WLT and evaluate them with respect to species justice and environmental justice.

Pages:87 to 102
Section: Articles


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Author Biographies

University of Oslo Antonio Nariño University
Norway Norway
 Goyes is a Lawyer (2010), Specialist in Criminal Legal Institutions (2010); LL..M. in Applied Sociology and Criminal Policy (2013) from the National University of Colombia, and PhD student at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, where he is developing his thesis in the field of green criminology.

Professor - Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law

Sollund has primarely worked with topics related to:

  • migration, immigration and crime
  • police sociology
  • green criminology

Sollund is one of the initators of the research project on Nordic green criminology and coeditor for the first Nordic anthology on green criminology.

Sollund is currently doing qualitative research on the illegal wildlife trade in Norway, Columbia and Brazil. The project includes interviews with law enforcement agencies,  with offenders and wild life experts, e.g. from NGO's (such as TRAFFiC). Further the study includes analysis of verdicts for breaches of the CITES regulations and other relevant legislation, as well as analysis of other relevant documents.

She is also a part of EFFACE - European Union Action to Fight Environmental Crime

Open Access Journal
ISSN 2202-8005