Contesting and Contextualising CITES: Wildlife Trafficking in Colombia and Brazil


This article raises the question of whether recently implemented legislation in Colombia and Brazil (1) provides the necessary tools to prevent the harms of wildlife trafficking (WLT) and (2) influences humans’ practices concerning the use of nonhuman animals. These questions are investigated from the dual perspectives of green criminology and public policy. The analysis is based on a qualitative empirical study undertaken in Colombia and Brazil whereby we discuss the function of the legislation in Colombia and Brazil in preventing illegal WLT. We consider the legitimacy of different practices of WLT and evaluate them with respect to species justice and environmental justice.

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Published: 2016-12-01
Pages:87 to 102
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How to Cite
Goyes, D. R. and Sollund, R. (2016) “Contesting and Contextualising CITES: Wildlife Trafficking in Colombia and Brazil”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(4), pp. 87-102. doi: 10.5204/ijcjsd.v5i4.331.

Author Biographies

University of Oslo Antonio Nariño University
 Goyes is a Lawyer (2010), Specialist in Criminal Legal Institutions (2010); LL..M. in Applied Sociology and Criminal Policy (2013) from the National University of Colombia, and PhD student at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, where he is developing his thesis in the field of green criminology.

Professor Sollund is professor in Criminology at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law. She completed her Dr.polit. in 2003 with the thesis Rammer, rom og mobilitet. Innvandrerkvinners arbeidsliv about immigrant women’s occupational mobility.
Professor Sollund has worked as a research fellow at ISF (Institute for Social Research), senior researcher at NOVA (Norwegian social research) and as a project manager on several projects, among others on working conditions of minority women and ethnic minorities' encounters with the police.
Professor Sollund is currently doing qualitative research on the illegal wildlife trade in Norway. The project includes interviews with law enforcement agencies, with offenders, analysis of verdicts for breaches of the CITES regulations, as well as analysis of other relevant documents.