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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

Perspectives on recidivists: the views of detainees, the general public and people working with offenders

Abstract

There is ample evidence on recidivism including its relationships with drug use, addiction, mental illness and security problems; however there has been less research based on direct accounts of detainee experiences and on the experience of people who try to prevent recidivism. The aim of this research was to describe how recidivism is perceived and dealt with by different actors: offenders (recidivists and non-recidivists), pedagogical operators and the public. The wider objective of the study was to identify ways in which various stakeholders can facilitate social reintegration of prisoners. The interviews revealed marked differences in how recidivism is interpreted; these affect both management of recidivism risk and the rehabilitation process, which involves society. The results suggest some ways of reducing recidivism, such as work groups among the actors involved, educational opportunities for offenders and the implementation of reintegration projects according to the laws on alternatives to prison.

Published:
Pages:60 to 75
Section: Articles

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Author Biographies

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied PsychologyUniversity of Padova (Italy)
Italy Italy

Prof. Antonio Iudici (antonio.iudici@unipd.it) has master degrees in psychology and specialization in psychoterapy. He currently teaches "Clinical Psychology of Interaction" in Department of Philosophy, Education, Sociology and Applied Psychology (FISPPA) of the University of Padova (Italy) and teaches in Master of Postgraduate Education, Interuniversity: Mediation as an operational tool within the areas family, criminal, community, civil and commercial (FISPPA) and in Postgraduate Course in Juridical and Forensic Psychology. He is Associate Research at the Institute of Psychology and Psychotherapy of Padova and he is specialist in Juridical psychology). He has published over 15 peer-reviewd articles, some book chapters and a monograph.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology University of Padova (Italy)
Italy Italy

Dr. Fela Boccato (fela.boccato@gmail.com) has master degrees in psychology in University of Padova. Her main interests are about the recidivism and the reintegration of detainees. She is also interested in studying the rehabilitation of offender and the problems related to employment after prison. Other studies concerning juvenile justice and the restorative justice projects.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology University of Padova (Italy)

Prof. Elena Faccio (elena.faccio@unipd.it) is Assistant Professor in Clinical Psychology at the Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education & Applied Psychology (FISPPA), Padova University. As clinical researcher and as psychotherapist she is interested in identity and change processes, both from a theoretical and clinical point of view, in everyday life as well as in institutional context, in prison and in clinical practice. Starting from the perspective of Symbolic Interactionism and Socio-constructionism her research focuses on the link between Diversity and Deviance. She is also interested in the theme of language and its importance in the process of meaning negotiation. Dr Faccio has published over 20 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on these topics. Her work appeared in numerous prominent scientific journals, including Journal of Constructivist Psychology, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour and Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Open Access Journal
ISSN 2202-8005