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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy Queensland University of Technology 2202-8005 The International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy is an open access, blind peer-reviewed journal that publishes critical research about challenges confronting criminal justice systems around the world.  The Journal is committed to democratising quality knowledge production and dissemination. Authors retain copyright and articles are licenced via Creative Commons to make published articles more readily available and useable. There are no APCs (Article Processing Charges). Authors can submit and publish at no cost.
International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 5 1

The London Spikes Controversy: Homelessness, Urban Securitisation and the Question of ‘Hostile Architecture’


This article examines an ostensibly new feature of the securitised urban landscape: ‘hostile architecture’. Following controversy in 2014 London over ‘anti-homeless spikes’– metal studs implanted at ground level designed to discourage the homeless from sleeping in otherwise unrestricted spaces – certain visible methods of environmental social control were temporarily subject to intense public scrutiny and debate. While contests over public and urban spaces are not new, the spikes controversy emerged in the context of broader socio-political and governmental shifts toward neoliberal arrangements. Using the spikes issue as a case study, I contextualise hostile architecture within these broader processes and in wider patterns of urban securitisation. The article then offers an explanatory framework for understanding the controversy itself. Ultimately the article questions whether the public backlash against the use of spikes indicates genuine resistance to patterns of urban securitisation or, counterintuitively, a broader public distaste for both the homeless and the mechanisms that regulate them.


Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content in this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Pages:67 to 81
Section: Articles
23 citation(s) in Scopus
16 citation(s) in Web of Science


Total Abstract Views: 10054  Total Unknown Downloads: 730  Total PDF Downloads: 9687

Author Biography

University of Melbourne
Australia Australia
James Petty is a PhD candidate in Criminology at the University of Melbourne. His research interests include homelessness and poverty, urban and public space, theories of citizenship, drug policy, critical and cultural criminology, feminism and queer theory, comic books and ethics. He has recently published a chapter on spectatorship, violence and ideologies of justice in the comic book Watchmen in the book Graphic Justice (2015) .