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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

Catholic Church Responses to Clergy-Child Sexual Abuse and Mandatory Reporting Exemptions in Victoria, Australia: A Discursive Critique


This article presents empirical findings from a critical discourse analysis of institutional responses by the Catholic Church to clergy-child sexual abuse in Victoria, Australia. A sample of 28 documents, comprising 1,394 pages, is analysed in the context of the 2012-2013 Victorian Inquiry into the Handling of Child Abuse by Religious and Other Organisations. Sykes and Matza’s (1957) and Cohen’s (1993) techniques of, respectively, neutralisation and denial are used to reveal the Catholic Church’s Janus-faced responses to clergy-child sexual abuse and mandatory reporting requirements. Paradoxical tensions are observed between Catholic Canonical law and clerical practices, and the extent of compliance with secular law and referral of allegations to authorities. Concerns centre on Church secrecy, clerical defences of the confessional in justification of inaction, and the Melbourne Response compensation scheme. Our research findings underscore the need for greater Church transparency and accountability; we advocate for mandatory reporting law reform and institutional reform, including adjustments to the confessional ritual.

Pages:58 to 75
Section: Articles


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Author Biographies

University of Tasmania
Australia Australia

Michael Andre Guerzoni is a current PhD candidate in the Sociology and Criminology Program, School of Social Sciences at the University of Tasmania, Australia. He holds a Bachelor of Arts with First Class Honours in Criminology from the University of Tasmania.

University of Stirling
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Dr Hannah Graham is a Research Fellow in the School of Applied Social Science at the University of Stirling, Scotland. She holds a PhD, Masters of Criminology & Corrections, and a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Tasmania, Australia. Hannah is co-author of the books Innovative Justice (Routledge 2015) and Working with Offenders: A Guide to Concepts and Practices (Routledge 2010), together with Rob White.
Open Access Journal
ISSN 2202-8005