Water Pollution and Environmental Injustices in Bangladesh


Water is an essential element for human life but is being wasted and made unsafe due to anthropogenic activities and pollution. In Bangladesh, both surface water and groundwater are being polluted due to the rapid growth of urbanisation and industrialisation, and most importantly, arsenic contamination and industrial waste are affecting the potability of this natural resource. Bangladesh is a highly polluted country that faces a scarcity of clean water, despite having an abundance of water sources. This article presents a range of examples of existing environmental pollution in Bangladesh before focusing on water pollution and its causes and consequences. In addition, this article discusses how inefficient water management and poor law enforcement have failed to ensure environmental justice for the citizens of Bangladesh. Finally, this article concludes with observations about some ways forward to ensure water justice, enable access to clean water for all and achieve sustainable development in Bangladesh.

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Published: 2022-03-01
Pages:1 to 13
Section:Special Issue: Green Criminological Dialogues
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How to Cite
Faroque, S. and South, N. . (2022) “Water Pollution and Environmental Injustices in Bangladesh”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 11(1), pp. 1-13. doi: 10.5204/ijcjsd.2006.

Author Biographies

University of Essex
 United Kingdom

Sarker Faroque is a PhD student at the Department of Sociology of the University of Essex, UK. His area of research is Eco-justice and Policing Environmental Crime: law enforcement challenges in Bangladesh, funded by the Prime Minister’s Fellowship (PM Fellowship) from the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Sarker Faroque is a member of Bangladesh Police and is now Superintendent of Police (SP).

University of Essex
 United Kingdom

Nigel South is a Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Essex, United Kingdom and Adjunct Professor, School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology, australia