Interprofessional Collaboration in Reintegration After Prison for Prisoners with Substance Abuse Issues: A Scoping Review

Abstract

Reintegration after prison for prisoners with interlinked welfare needs has been one of the most challenging issues for decades in the criminal justice system. The WHO and the UN highlight the demand for well-functioning collaboration between professionals and welfare agencies handling these challenges. However, interprofessional collaboration has been an underdeveloped field of research and theory, especially concerning prisoners with substance abuse issues. The present study undertakes a scoping review of research on interprofessional collaboration in reintegration after prison for prisoners with substance abuse issues, particularly identifying factors that influence collaboration. Nineteen included studies from the USA, the U.K., Australia, and Norway show that relational and structural factors influence collaboration and that innovative projects are perceived as improving collaboration. A tentative conceptual model of factors that influence collaboration is presented and may serve as a basis for reflection and further development of a theoretical framework within the field of research.

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Published: 2021-08-23
Section:Online First
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How to Cite
Larsen, B. K., Dale, K. Y. ., & Ødegård, A. (2021). Interprofessional Collaboration in Reintegration After Prison for Prisoners with Substance Abuse Issues: A Scoping Review. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.1951

Author Biographies

Volda University College; Molde University College
 Norway

Bjørn Kjetil Larsen is an assistant professor at Molde University College and PhD candidate at Volda University College. Before he started his academic career three years ago he had been working as a front line social worker for twenty years within several fields such as mental health service, substance abuse treatment and the correctional service. The last ten years as a practitioner in social work his main concern was the transition from prison to community for vulnerable and stigmatized groups of prisoners.     

Molde University College
 Norway

Karl Yngvar Dale is a specialist in Clinical Psychology and currently Associate Professor at Molde University College. Dale has clinical and scientific expertise in complicated traumatic stress reactions, violence risk management, community-based mental health work and health care organization.

Molde University College; Nordland Research Institute
 Norway

Atle Ødegård is a clinical psychologist and professor (full) at Molde University College. His main research interests are interprofessional collaboration and innovation - in practice and education, as well as the development of new research methodologies in these fields.