Detained Children: Vulnerability, Violence and Violation of Rights


The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) establishes provisions and protections to which under-18s are entitled; establishing state obligations to ensure the realisation of children’s rights for all, including ‘disadvantaged’ or ‘vulnerable’ groups. This article focuses on children in England and Wales deprived of their liberty in secure care for their own or others’ protection or in custody as a result of criminal justice proceedings. It explores the proposition that secure care and custody exacerbate the existing vulnerabilities of detained children, especially in custodial settings where violence is institutionalised. Demonstrating consistent breaches of international standards, it considers the actions required to ensure the implementation of rights and effective accountability through policy and practice grounded in social justice priorities.

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Except where otherwise noted, content in this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Published: 2020-11-26
Pages:16 to 30
Section:Special Issue: State Violence - Practices and Responses
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How to Cite
Haydon, D. (2020) “Detained Children: Vulnerability, Violence and Violation of Rights”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 9(4), pp. 16-30. doi: 10.5204/ijcjsd.1687.

Author Biography

 United Kingdom

Dr Deena Haydon is an independent researcher. Having been a Senior Lecturer in Higher Education and research manager within a UK voluntary organisation working with vulnerable children and families, Deena has been an independent researcher since 2006. Her main research interests include family support, youth justice, secure care and children’s rights. Deena’s publications include: a co-authored book and numerous journal articles, book chapters, research reports, resources for children and practitioners, as well as submissions to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. She has presented workshops, seminars and conference papers for academic and public audiences in the UK, Europe, the US, Australia and New Zealand.