“We Will Build a Great Wall”: Domination, Criminalization, and Expatriation in Trump Campaign and Rally Speeches


Given the import and impact of political campaign promises, this study systematically analyzed Donald Trump’s campaign and rally speeches using a typology of verbal-textual hostility (V.T.H.) developed by Asquith (2013) from criminal hate incidents in the United Kingdom. Trump used all forms of V.T.H. previously identified by Asquith, except for sexualization, and new forms that may be specific to the political context. Analysis of speeches from 2015–2018 revealed that expatriation, criminalization, and domination were the most frequently used forms of V.T.H. deployed by Trump, which we consider in relation to the historical, social, and political context and consequences.

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Published: 2021-03-01
Pages:143 to 158
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How to Cite
Valcore, J. ., Rodgers, J., & Asquith, N. L. (2021). “We Will Build a Great Wall”: Domination, Criminalization, and Expatriation in Trump Campaign and Rally Speeches. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 10(1), 143-158. https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.1647

Author Biographies

University of Houston Downtown
 United States

Jace Valcore, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Houston Downtown who studies, teaches, and publishes work on hate crimes, policing, queer criminology and methodology, and transgender issues in the criminal legal system.  His most recent work appears in Criminal Justice Studies and Journal of Homosexuality.

Western Sydney University

Jess Rodgers is a Senior Research Assistant for the School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology and the School of Social Sciences & Psychology, Western Sydney University. They have a PhD in media, communication and journalism, but teaching and research experience across a range of disciplines including media studies, queer studies, creative industries, and criminology. Jess also has extensive copy editing experience for academic journals and other publications

University of Tasmania

Professor Nicole L Asquith is the Head of Discipline (Policing & Emergency Management) at the University of Tasmania, Director of the Tasmanian Institute of Law Enforcement Studies, and Co-Director of the Vulnerability, Resilience and Policing Research Consortium. Nicole has worked in the field of hate crimes since the 1990s, and is an office bearer of the Australian Hate Crime Network. She is the author of Text and Context of Malediction (2008) and Critical Policing Studies (2021, forthcoming), and co-author of Crime and Criminology 6e (2017), Policing Encounters with Vulnerability (2017), and Policing Vulnerability (2012).