Planting Hate Speech to Harvest Hatred: How Does Political Hate Speech Fuel Hate Crimes in Turkey?


Hate crimes against dissident groups are on the rise in Turkey, and political hate speech might have a triggering effect on this trend. In this study, the relationship between political hate speech against the Gulen Movement and the hate crimes perpetrated by ordinary people was examined through semi-structured interviews and surveys with victims. The findings suggest that a rise in political hate rhetoric targeting a given group might result in a corresponding rise in hate crimes committed against them, the effects of which have been largely overlooked in the current literature in the evolving Turkish context.

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Published: 2020-06-24
Pages:195 to 211
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How to Cite
Perry, B., Akca, D., Karakus, F. and Bastug, M. F. (2020) “Planting Hate Speech to Harvest Hatred: How Does Political Hate Speech Fuel Hate Crimes in Turkey?”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 9(4), pp. 195-211. doi: 10.5204/ijcjsd.v9i4.1514.

Author Biographies

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Dr. Barbara Perry is a Professor and the Director of the Centre on Hate, Bias and Extremism at the Criminology and Justice Department, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Ontario Tech University. She is also the Chair of the International Network on Hate Studies.

University of Saskatchewan

Dr. Davut Akca (Ph.D. in Forensic Psychology, MA in Criminology) is a Research Officer and programme evaluator in the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science and Justice Studies at the University of Saskatchewan.

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Doctoral Student at The Ontario Tech University Faculty of Social Science and Humanities 

Lakehead University

Dr. Mehmet F. Bastug is a Lecturer in the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies at Lakehead University. He received his PhD in Global Affairs from Rutgers University and continued his postdoctoral research at the University of Cincinnati and Ontario Tech University.