Transnational Crime and its Trends in South-East Asia: A Detailed Narrative in Vietnam


While implementing economic and political reforms to develop society and the economy since 1986, Vietnam has faced serious challenges to national security and social order associated with the complexities of transnational crimes (e.g., illegal drugs, human trafficking, green crimes and high-tech crimes). Additionally, as an uncharted territory in the field of criminology and policing, overall assessment of these crimes in Vietnam is still absent. Lack of knowledge and background on transnational crimes in Vietnam is considered one of the barriers to full understanding of the nature of cross-border criminals in comparison to other South-East Asian countries. This study analyses specific characteristics and modus operandi of transnational crimes in Vietnam by examining these particularly severe crimes. Findings show there are sophisticated cunning associated with flexible activities to avoid law enforcement monitors. Findings call for further research to inform policymakers and scholars.

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Published: 2020-05-18
Pages:88 to 101
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How to Cite
Luong, H. T. (2020) “Transnational Crime and its Trends in South-East Asia: A Detailed Narrative in Vietnam”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 9(2), pp. 88-101. doi: 10.5204/ijcjsd.v9i2.1147.

Author Biography

Duy Tan University; RMIT

Dr. Hai Thanh Luong graduated with a Bachelor of Law in Vietnam’s University in 2004 and spent ten years in law enforcement agencies both lecturing and practicing’ activities. In 2010, he was awarded an Australian scholarship and achieved a Master for Transnational Crime Prevention from the University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia before achieveing a doctoral of philosophy’s title from the School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University. His interests are areas including border crime, transnational organised crime in Asia, drug trafficking, smuggling of migrants, harm reduction, policing and police training. Currently, Dr Hai holds an Honorary Principal Research Fellow position at the Social and Global Studies Centre, RMIT University. His latest book – ‘Transnational Drug Trafficking across the Vietnam and Laos Border’ has published by Palgrave Macmillan (2019) and he also introduced several papers in Asian Survey, Journal of Crime and Justice, International Journal of Cyber Criminology, Journal of Safety Community and Well-Being.