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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy Queensland University of Technology 2202-8005 The International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy is an open access, blind peer-reviewed journal that publishes critical research about challenges confronting criminal justice systems around the world.  The Journal is committed to democratising quality knowledge production and dissemination. There are no APCs (Article Processing Charges). Authors can submit and publish at no cost. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 8 2

The Illicit Distribution of Precursor Chemicals in China: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis

Abstract

China has been marked as a source country from which large volumes of precursor chemicals are shipped to foreign drug markets for synthetic drug production. However, the basic patterns of illicit distribution remain unclear. Data from closed criminal cases were extracted from legal files to develop an objective understanding of illicit distribution patterns in China. The sample consisted of 534 illicit supply cases involving 1481 individuals, three groups of precursor chemicals and 102 chemical manufacturing companies. The offenders could be categorised as lower-class offenders, occupational offenders and corporate offenders based on their profiles and criminal behaviours. Significant differences between the three groups of offenders and their specific patterns of chemical supply suggest a diverse, dynamic and complex nationwide supply network. To better understand this phenomenon in China’s rapidly transitioning society, we provide a description of cultural, legal and political backgrounds, which may provide some explanations at the macro level.

Published:
Pages:106 to 120
Section: Articles
1 citation(s) in Scopus
1 citation(s) in Web of Science

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Total Abstract Views: 298  Total PDF Downloads: 290

Author Biography

Ghent University
Belgium Belgium

Minqi Zhao is a PhD Researcher at the Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Ghent University